HIV cure hope after UK trial of pioneering HIV virus treatment

A British man undergoing a pioneering HIV treatment has shown radical progress. His recent progress had raised the hopes for HIV treatment. He may become the first person in the world to be treated for the HIV virus according to reports.

The 44-year-old man is being treated by a group of scientists. He is said to have shown some phenomenal progress in recovery under the therapy. The treated therapy, he is undergoing is designed to detect and eliminate the HIV virus in all parts of the body.

He is considered to be the first among 50 people to have completed the trial for this treatment therapy. His progress may be referred to as one of the first serious attempts at a total HIV cure. The HIV virus is a severely harmful virus which causes AIDS. It is such a powerful virus that it leaves the human immune system powerless to fight the infection.

The terror of HIV virus

There are high hopes regarding the treatment procedure being undertaken which aims to get an irreversible cure for HIV.  If it is successful, it will give hope to more than 36 million HIV-infected people all around the world.

The regions of Sub-Saharan-Africa is affected by the most serious of HIV and AIDS infections. Southern Africa accounts for being the region affected the worst by this virus. A full treatment of the HIV virus will change the world in various ways.

The research on this new treatment procedure is being undertaken by a collaboration between 5 supreme universities in the UK.

Overview of the new breakthrough in HIV treatment

According to Mark Samuels, the managing director of the National Institute for Health Research Office for Clinical Research spoke to the press. He said that this new development in progress is the best that has been observed so far.

He says that the real possibilities of curing HIV are being explored. In spite of this being a mammoth task, the research is still in an early stage. However, the progress observed is quite remarkable and is likely to develop even more over time.

The patient who showed the radical progress talked to the press. He said that according to recent blood tests, no detectable HIV virus was present in his blood. However, it was too early to confirm whether the treatment has worked or not.

It may be possible that conventional drugs led to the elimination of the HIV virus. The patient has not been named, but he said that he became a part of the treatment trial to help the world.

The new treatment involves a unique approach towards elimination of the HIV virus

The existing cure of HIV involves antiretroviral therapies or ART. This is not exactly a cure as it does not get rid of the HIV virus. It only helps with the management of the virus so that people can live healthier and longer.

The current treatment therapy is utilizing a kick and kill procedure. It involves the steps of exposing and the destruction of the HIV virus. This new treatment therapy is unique and the approach is different from previous procedures.

The HIV virus is tracked down and killed in all body parts. The dormant cells evading the current treatment are also killed off in this new procedure. Along with it, the infections will also be suppressed and killed.

According to the scientists, the medical tests to prove the potentiality of the new therapy will continue for the upcoming five years. This has worked well in the laboratory and is supposed to work well in humans as well. However, this is just a new beginning or a new breakthrough. There is still a long way to go before the actual therapy is developed.

About HIV

It is important for us to know about the HIV virus in detail to realize how fatal it is.

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is a virus which causes HIV infection and leads to “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” or AIDS.  HIV is transmitted by different means and ways.

Unprotected sex is a primary mode of transmission of the HIV virus from an infected person to a healthy person.  Unprotected sex refers to having sexual intercourse without using protective measures. It causes HIV transmission. The symptoms of HIV are different from person to person.

Stages of HIV

There are three main stages of HIV infections. Each stage has various symptoms of their own.

Here are the three stages of HIV explained, along with the symptoms.

Acute HIV infection stage

This is the first stage of HIV infection. From three to four weeks after getting infected, people experience some flu-like symptoms. It does not last more than two weeks.

Symptoms include:

  • Fever

  • Rashes on the body

  • A sore throat

  • Swelling of different glands

  • Headache

  • Joint and muscle pain

  • Improper digestion

These symptoms indicate that the body is reacting with the HIV. Infected cells circulate throughout the body. The immune system produces HIV antibodies for fighting the virus. This process is known as seroconversion. It takes place within 45 days the infection. The levels of virus in the blood are very high during this stage.

Clinical latency stage

This is the second stage of HIV infection, following the early stage. This stage is called chronic HIV stage. During this stage, the HIV is active but reproduces at a low rate.  Symptoms may not be experienced during this phase, although mild indications are possible.

For people who do not take medicines for HIV treatment, this stage may last for a  long period. Medicines are required to be taken to keep the virus in check. During this stage, the transmission of HIV occurs very easily, although symptoms are not experienced.

People who are on medication are virally suppressed and have low levels of HIV in their blood. Thus, the risk of transmission gets reduced.

Symptomatic HIV infection or AIDS stage

The third HIV infection stage is characterized by fatal damage to the immune system of patients having HIV. A patient is likely to get serious infections. Bacterial or fungal diseases are likely as well. The infections are collectively called opportunistic infections. The patient now has AIDS.

The symptoms of this stage are as follows:

  • Wight loss

  • Diarrhea

  • Sweating

  • Fevers and continuous coughing

  • Problems in the mouth and skin

  • Regular infections

  • Illness and development of other diseases.

Conclusion

HIV infections affect the body in three stages. AIDS occurs in the third stage. When people discover that they are infected with HIV, many do not undertake immediate medical action. The treatment of HIV depends on the affected person’s medical history. It also depends on the span of time he has been infected with HIV, his current health, and CD4 T count.

The treatment methods of HIV are being researched on over a long period of time. Two types of vaccines are being tested and developed. These are aimed to be preventive, as well as therapeutic in nature.  The new development in the current treatment therapy is promising. It is the closest development to a total cure so far. A lot banks upon its progress in the recent future.

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