Probiotics, gut microbiota and health

Gut microbiota in health and disease

When you are saying the word “bacteria” most if not all people will only think of viruses and harmful agents, but this is not what all this is about. Bacteria are not all bad, because some may actually be quite effective in providing you with the support you need for a proper functioning.

When taking into consideration the last few years, there have been a number of essential research studies trying to determine the exact role played by these bacteria in our day to day lives. In this regard, scientists have collected and analyzed biological agents from different body cavities, including oral, vaginal and nasal ones, but also from the skin area, as well as some collected for the inner sections of the body.

But then the researchers have found out that the largest bacterial concentration can be found in the gut area and not only that, but it seems like these ones are the most important when taking into consideration the overall body’s functioning. Unlike other types of bacteria, these ones are living in larger numbers in the digestive tract and their role is to assist the body in extracting and breaking down harder to assimilate nutrients, like protein, for instance.

This somewhat works like a collaboration contract if you will. The bacteria will provide you with the essential digestive support and you will feed it accordingly and support the stable bacterial environment. It is similar to a parasitic collaboration between a tree and the mushrooms colonizing its bark and exterior roots. But, the crucial difference lies in the details. Unlike those situations, or those where you will be experience an infestation with an actual parasitic organism, these bacteria are not eating away some of the nutrients you are ingesting. They help the organism assimilate the proteins, this process will then produce an amino acid called threonine and threonine will then cause the production of a digestive mucus byproduct called mucin. This substance is the one that the bacteria will feed from, which does not take away any nutrients from your system.

It is actually a perfect partnership, which is why the human body is being working like this ever since the beginning. As a matter of fact, their functions are more than just regulating the digestive processes. In order for you to be able to fully understand what we are talking about here, let’s see what these microorganisms can do for our biological functioning:

Assist in the fermentation and absorption of carbohydrates

The human body is not meant to digest all the carbohydrates ingested. There are some polysaccharides that are not meant for human absorption, despite of their well known benefits. This is where the bacterial flora steps in, because it contains certain types of enzymes that can easily break down these nutrients and allow them to be easily absorbed into the organism. In the category of the carbohydrates that the human body cannot assimilate without the bacterial support we have to include:

  • Starches
  • Fiber
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Lactose

But among these, there are also several few minerals and vitamins that the body consistently struggles to assimilate properly, like calcium, magnesium and iron, but also lipids and Vitamin K. An efficient and healthy bacterial environment will certainly play a major role in this regard.

Significantly reduce the microbial growth on a regular basis

The digestive system, as well as the entire human body, with its many cavities, has a serious battle to take against pathogens and microbial agents trying to colonize it in every way they can. In this regard, especially when talking about the digestive area, the competition between the already established good bacteria and the incoming harmful ones is not to be ignored. In this regard, we have to include certain types of yeast and a bacterial specie like Clostridium difficile, responsible for a form of colitis. The name of the agent is pretty compelling if you ask me. Without this natural bacterial barrier, the risk of contracting an infection is incomparably higher.

Support the metabolic functioning

In this regard, the bacterial agents regulate the intestinal epithelial differentiation, they help in the more efficient assimilation of biotin and folate and ease the absorption of iron, calcium and magnesium among other crucial components.

Provide the tools to prevent allergies

Allergies are actually biological reactions to various pathogens. These pathogens are actually called antigens and they are only acting as pathogens for those experiencing the allergies themselves. They are triggered by an excessive reaction of the immune system and this effect only occurs in some people, which is why not everybody manifests allergies to the same things. Others do not have any at all. The good thing about the good bacteria living in the organism is that it will enhance the immune system response and will regulate its response in the cases of antigens. The result? Lower risks of experiencing an allergy.

Prevent the inflammatory bowel disease

Ironically, this condition will often occur when the bacterial balance is being destroyed by a multitude of factors, including an excessive hygiene in babies, the lack of breastfeeding and the excessive intake of sucrose and animal fat among other things. Add the regular use of antibiotics and the results can be easily foreseen.

Boost the immune system

There is an interesting process to keep in mind here. Starting very early in life, the gut flora plays a major role in the development of the immune system. This is due to the fact that the bacteria are actually identified as foreign by the infant immune system and it gradually forces the defensive barrier to form by stimulating the lymphoid tissue. The result is the constant production of antibodies and the immune system will soon learn to recognize the good bacterial agents and will only engage in destroying the harmful ones.

But what happens when the good bacteria is being destroyed through some biological, chemical or environmental processes? Can we still work without them and if so, how well can we expect to function? This is actually a pretty complicated problem, which is why we will have a closer look at it in the next paragraph.

Gut flora disrupted – What is next?

Some people have no idea that most of their health problems are strictly related to the digestive environment and the proper functioning of the bacterial mass in that region. As a matter of fact, the big problem here is that these bacteria are those ensuring the functioning of the organs, among other things. They also act as natural protective barrier against harmful pathogens and they are the ones strengthening the immune system. Also, as previously shown, these agents are also responsible for stimulating the immune system to develop in the first place, so you can say there is no shortage of benefits here.

Keeping in mind all these effects, whenever the bacterial environment is being disrupted that is when there are a lot of health problems to account for. Many people do not know this, but this is actually quite an important aspect of the health industry. It is what led to the development of the probiotics you keep finding anywhere online. Some are effective, some not so much, but the point is not this. The point is that we have finally realized that the bacterial balance in the digestive system is extremely important for a healthier and more efficient biological functioning.

Among the many aspects needing to be taken into consideration, we have to mention obesity here. It was found out only recently that a decrease in the number of good bacteria usually means a slower metabolism and the digestive system’s failure of processing everything you ingest. Thus, as a consequence, it will store the carbohydrates residues as fat and the process will repeat itself on a daily basis. The big problem is that as the weight of the person increases gradually, the energy levels will drop accordingly and the fat gain will actually accelerate over time. This is actually quite a dangerous situation, because a lot of health problems come from being overweight or obese. Latest studies have shown that around 70% of the Americans are overweight and a good percentage of those show signs of obesity. About 1 in 3 American children is obese and will end up also being obese in adulthood.

These statistics show that we definitely need to take actions if we do not want to end up in a situation where we will have more problems than we can handle. So is there something we can do to set things straight and come out clean? In other words, how can we rebalance the good bacteria levels for a healthier and safer lifestyle? This is what brings us to the next chapter.

Measures, measures!

There are two ways by which to increase the level of bacteria in the organism and this is something everybody should be trying to do, because it is the first step towards a healthier and smoother organism. When looking to restore the micro flora, there are two possible solutions you can adopt:

Eat more fermented foods

When taking into consideration foods like yogurts and pickles, you have to understand the process leading to the finite product. Fermentation is actually a biological process, consisting in a bacterial accumulation. The byproduct contains a large quantity of bacteria, particularly important for the digestive processes taking place in the organism. Eating fermented foods like those specified may be quite helpful in restoring the intestinal flora up to one point. But there is a catch. The problem is that these bacteria are more sensitive to climate changes than those already living in your gut, which means that many of them will invariably die soon after ingestion. This being said, despite not being too much of an effective method, it still counts for something, so do not ignore it as a pretty valid alternative.

Take probiotics regularly

These usually come as food supplements and do not have to be specified on a recipe. In most cases, you do not need your doctor’s advice on this, because probiotics are healthy and safe. You may only experience side effects like bloating and diarrhea in some cases, but only if you take them without actually needing them. So, the most important thing of all is to first make sure you actually have a biological need in this regard and only then order a product. Since we are here, what probiotics should you order after all? There are dozens of similar products, so which one should you choose? One valid option would be Nucific Bio X4. The best part about Nucific Bio X4 is that, aside from being quite an effective probiotic, it has also been proven to act as a natural fat burner.

This is because Nucific Bio X4 contains Caralluma Fimbriata Extract, which is known for its appetite suppressant qualities. Combine this with EGCG, a green tea extract with astounding metabolic boost abilities and you can see where I am trying to get to.

As you can see, the bacterial mass is particularly important for your general health and it is especially important to try and preserve it in optimal conditions for as long as you can and as best as you can. After all, there is nothing that would count more than this aspect.

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