Types of Neuropathy

What are the different types of neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a term used to refer to the damage of the nervous system nerves. The following is a list of the most common types of neuropathy:

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy is the ailment that individuals diagnosed with diabetes have to worry about next. It is a complication caused by excess sugars and glucose in the blood. The nerves long-term endurance in this blood atmosphere eventually wanes out leading to their damage. The complication affects many and any body part. This explains why diabetic persons suffer from difficulties in moving feet and legs, unending bladder and heart issues problems as well as with their digestive and reproductive systems.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy refers to the damage of the body’s peripheral nerves. Peripheral nerves are the nerves that extend from the brain all through the spinal cord. Therefore, their damage leads to unusual as well as abnormal sensations that are a danger to all body functions. It is worthwhile to note that the brain controls all other organs and the spinal cord supports the body system. This explains why pain, numbness, prickling among other notable effects on senses are the main symptoms of the disorder.

Autonomic neuropathy/ Vascular Neuropathy

Autonomic neuropathy is a nervous disorder caused by the damage of the nerves responsible for autonomic functions. Autonomic nerves are responsible for controlling the blood vessels for proper constriction and expansion. Their damage affects this process failing them in helping to manage blood pressure. The symptoms of vascular neuropathy include hypertension, orthostatic hypertension as well as faintness when one stands. Autonomic neuropathy causes a series of other neuropathic disorders classified as types of autonomic disorders. These include:

Sexual neuropathy

More often than not, sexual neuropathy results in impotence. The circulatory along with nerve problems that come along with diabetes may end up disrupting the normal functions of males. It may also affect the sexual drive in many women. The disorder is characterized by the said men impotence, vaginal dryness in women leading to pain during intercourse, decline in libido and inability to ejaculate for men.

Eye neuropathy

This neuropathy though rare really does exist. Eye related nerves in the face and direct eye nerves damage is what eye neuropathy means. Persons suffering from eye neuropathy have reduced pupil response, dilations and constrictions. Where the cranial nerve is affected, individuals may have problems with eye motility. Droopy-eye lid is also a symptom of eye neuropathy.

Bladder neuropathy

Bladder neuropathy is associated with many bladder issues. These include bladder failure, pain and other bladder disorders closely or interlinked with bladder functionality. When it comes to diabetes, bladder dysfunction is a common complication to patients.

Sweat glad among other nerve damages affecting organs responsible for automatic functions.

Hand Neuropathy

Many people are only familiar with the feet neuropathy. However, hand neuropathy can also occur in the same lines of peripheral neuropathy as the movements of the hands have a lot to do with good functioning of the spinal cord.

However, unlike foot neuropathy, hand neuropathy is not as dangerous. Expert research shows that hands are not prone to the serious complications that feet may suffer. There are several reasons that have been brought across to explain this phenomenon such as the fact that hands are put into more use than our feet are and therefore related problems are noticed and treated earlier. Secondly, being closer to the heart, hands receive better blood circulation and thus active.

Radiculopathy

Radiculopathy is probably the most serious of the nerve damages as its effects run as deep as to the root of the nerves. This means that the disorder results in extreme sharp pains for the patient. Other than the sharp pain, those suffering from radiculopathy experience symptoms that include the impairment of the nerve function that involves limbs. The patients will also often experience incessant numbness, tingling and weakness.

Curable Neuropathy Types

It is clear that neuropathy disorders are as a result of nerve damage. However, the reasons or rather the factors that lead to some of the disorders are not clear. It is very difficult to treat and cure a disease whose causes are unclear. This explains why there exists a category of curable types of neuropathy. The above named neuropathy diseases are just some of the commonly known disorders. Not all of them are curable. The curable disorders include:

Rare Neuropathy Types

Rare neuropathies are those nerve system disorders that take are not common among individuals. They may be curable or not curable.

Complications

Most if not all people, confuse complications with symptoms. The complications of neuropathy are the consequences of getting the disease. Symptoms are the characteristic that show that one has a certain disease whereas complications are those disorders detected or that one may suffer from because of having to live with diabetes. Some of the most common complications of neuropathy include:

Nerve degeneration

This is where nerves lose their functionality. It also refers to the situation where the nerve axons are not in a position to generate or produce other nerves since their cells are already destroyed.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

This is another complication for individuals with neuropathy where part of the peripheral nervous system is attacked by the immune system. Guillain-Barre Syndrome symptoms include the paralysis of the acute neuromuscular, muscle weakness, tingling sensations and leg weakness.

The above represent the most common types of neuropathy whose symptoms are recognized. This means that most of them at least treatable if not completely curable. Though diabetes has been covered as the main cause of neuropathy, other factors may also read to an imbalance in the blood sugars.

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